In 1999, researcher Radim Srám, sometimes spelled Radim Šrám, published his article “Impact of Air Pollution on Reproductive Health” in the journal Environmental Health Perspectives. In the article, Srám analyzes the effects of exposure to air pollution, which can include harmful chemicals, on fetal growth and development. Srám discusses how industrialized countries such as the US and China have led to an increase in the global amount of respirable air pollutants. He mentions the influence that air pollution may have on the development of several birth defects, as well as the death of fetuses in the womb and infants after birth. Throughout his article, Srám summarizes the findings of several studies, and he describes the harmful developmental effects of common air pollutants, which has prompted further research in developed and developing countries into how air pollutants can cause birth defects and other diseases.

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