People

Title By Description Created Last modifiedsort ascending
William Thomas Astbury (1898–1961) Victoria Hernandez William Thomas Astbury studied the structures of fibrous materials, including fabrics, proteins, and deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA, in England during the twentieth century. Astbury employed X-ray crystallography, a technique in which scientists use X-rays to learn about the molecular structures of materials. Astbury worked at a time when scientists had not yet identified DNA’s structure or function in genes, the genetic components responsible for how organisms develop and reproduce. He was one of the first scientists to use X-ray crystallography to study the structure of DNA. 2019-06-03 5 Jun 2019 - 1:14:56am
Dana Louise Raphael (1926–2016) Alexis Darby Dana Louise Raphael was an anthropologist and breastfeeding advocate in the US during the twentieth century. After she was unable to breastfeed her own infant, Raphael began to research why breastfeeding was more common in other cultures than in the US. As part of that research, Raphael cofounded the Human Lactation Center, where she studied the breastfeeding habits of mothers around the world. Through that research, she coordinated with formula manufacturers to educate women on the benefits of breastfeeding and formula supplementation to reduce infant mortality in developing nations. 2018-05-16 22 Jul 2019 - 4:23:57am
Alfred Day Hershey (1908–1997) Victoria Hernandez During the twentieth century in the United States, Alfred Day Hershey studied phages, or viruses that infect bacteria, and experimentally verified that genes were made of deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA. Genes are molecular, heritable instructions for how an organism develops. When Hershey started to study phages, scientists did not know if phages contained genes, or whether genes were made of DNA or protein. In 1952, Hershey and his research assistant, Martha Chase, conducted phage experiments that convinced scientists that genes were made of DNA. 2019-04-29 30 Apr 2019 - 10:18:40am
Mary Warnock (1924–2019 ) Jonathon J. LaTourelle Baroness Mary Warnock of Weeke, a philosopher and crossbench member and Life Peer of the United Kingdom's House of Lords, participated in several national British committees of inquiry that dealt with ethical and policy issues surrounding animal experimentation, pollution, genetics, and euthanasia to educational policies for children with special needs. One of these was the Committee of Inquiry into Human Fertilization and Embryology, of which Warnock was the chair. 2014-09-29 3 Apr 2019 - 3:41:21am
Jesse Bennett (1769–1842) Claire Grayson Jesse Bennett, sometimes spelled Bennet, practiced medicine in the US during the late eighteenth century and performed one of the first successful cesarean operations, later called cesarean sections, in 1794. Following complications during his wife’s childbirth, Bennett made an incision through her lower abdomen and uterus to deliver their infant. Bennett’s biographers report that his operation was the first cesarean section where both the pregnant woman and the infant survived. 2018-12-10 30 Jan 2019 - 2:24:04am
Matthew Howard Kaufman (1942–2013) Lance Villarreal Matthew Kaufman was a professor of anatomy at the University of Edinburgh, in Edinburgh, UK, who specialized in mouse anatomy, development, and embryology during the late twentieth century. According to the The Herald, he was the first, alongside his colleague Martin Evans, to isolate and culture embryonic stem cells. Researchers initially called those cells Evans-Kaufman cells. In 1992, Kaufman published The Atlas of Mouse Development, a book that included photographs of mice development and mice organs over time. 2018-08-31 26 Jan 2019 - 2:56:33am
William Smellie (1697–1763) Yvette Tran William Smellie helped to incorporate scientific medicine into the process of childbirth in eighteenth century Britain. As a male physician practicing in childbirth and female reproductive health (man-midwife), Smellie developed and taught procedures to treat breech fetuses, which occur when a fetus fails to rotate its head towards the birth canal during delivery. Throughout his career, Smellie compiled a wealth of information about female anatomy in his writings. He modified medical technology such as the obstetrical forceps, an instrument used to maneuver the fetus during childbirth. 2017-05-30 25 Jan 2019 - 2:58:10am
People's Padre: An Autobiography (1954), by Emmett McLoughlin Claudia Nunez-Eddy Emmett McLoughlin wrote People's Padre: An Autobiography, based on his experiences as a Roman Catholic priest advocating for the health of people in Arizona. The Beacon Press in Boston, Massachusetts, published the autobiography in 1954. McLoughlin was a Franciscan Order Roman Catholic priest who advocated for public housing and healthcare for the poor and for minority groups in Phoenix, Arizona, during the mid twentieth century. The autobiography recounts McLoughlin's efforts in founding several community initiatives throughout Phoenix, including the St. 2016-11-08 22 Jul 2019 - 4:23:57am
Barry Morris Goldwater (1909–1998) Claudia Nunez-Eddy Barry Morris Goldwater was a Republican Arizona Senator and US presidential candidate in the twentieth-century whose policies supported the women's reproductive rights movement. Goldwater, a businessman and Air Force reservist, transitioned into politics in the 1950s. He helped align popular support for a conservative Republican Party in the 1960s. Throughout his life, he worked to maintain personal liberty and to limit governmental intrusion into citizens' private lives. Goldwater, influenced by his wife Margaret (Peggy) Goldwater, supported women's rights to abortions. 2016-10-28 15 Jan 2019 - 2:22:24am
Margaret (Peggy) Goldwater (1909–1985) Claudia Nunez-Eddy Margaret Goldwater advocated for birth control and reproductive rights in the United States during the twentieth century. Goldwater was a socialite and philanthropist and was married to Barry Goldwater, US Senator from Arizona. She spent much of her life working to further the women's reproductive rights movement, which sought to expand women's legal, social, and physical access to reproductive healthcare, including contraception and abortions. 2016-10-13 15 Jan 2019 - 2:18:52am
Pearl Mao Tang (1922– ) Lakshmeeramya Malladi A licensed obstetrician and gynecologist, Pearl Tang worked to improve the health of women and children in Maricopa County, Arizona, during the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Her work with the Maricopa County Health Department ranged from immunizations to preventing cervical cancer. Tang obtained federal grants and community support to establish various child and maternal health clinics throughout Maricopa County as chief of the Maricopa County Bureau of Maternal and Child Health. 2017-06-23 15 Jan 2019 - 2:11:24am
Franklin William Stahl (1929– ) Victoria Hernandez Franklin William Stahl studied DNA replication, bacteriophages, and genetic recombination in the US during the mid-twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. With his colleague Matthew Meselson, Stahl performed an experiment called the Meselson-Stahl experiment, which provided evidence for a process called semi-conservative DNA replication. Semi-conservative replication is a process in which each strand of a parental DNA double helix serves as a template for newly replicated daughter strands, so that one parental strand is conserved in every daughter double helix. 2017-07-20 15 Jan 2019 - 1:39:51am
General Embryological Information Service, vol. 18, pt. 2 1980 9 Jan 2019 - 4:30:27am
General Embryological Information Service, vol. 18, pt. 1 1979 9 Jan 2019 - 4:30:05am
General Embryological Information Service, vol. 17, pt. 1 1977 9 Jan 2019 - 4:29:24am
General Embryological Information Service, vol. 17, pt. 2 1978 9 Jan 2019 - 4:29:06am
General Embryological Information Service, vol. 16, pt. 2 1976 9 Jan 2019 - 4:28:29am
General Embryological Information Service, vol. 16, pt. 1 1975 9 Jan 2019 - 4:28:09am
General Embryological Information Service, vol. 15, pt. 2 1974 9 Jan 2019 - 4:26:45am
General Embryological Information Service, vol. 15, pt. 1 1973 9 Jan 2019 - 4:26:24am
General Embryological Information Service, vol. 14 1971 9 Jan 2019 - 4:25:37am
General Embryological Information Service, vol. 14 Suppl. 1972 9 Jan 2019 - 4:25:19am
General Embryological Information Service, vol. 13 1969 9 Jan 2019 - 4:24:40am
General Embryological Information Service, vol. 13 Suppl. 1970 9 Jan 2019 - 4:24:20am
General Embryological Information Service, vol. 12 1967 9 Jan 2019 - 4:23:32am
General Embryological Information Service, vol. 12 Suppl. 1968 9 Jan 2019 - 4:23:12am
General Embryological Information Service, vol. 11 1965 9 Jan 2019 - 4:21:55am
General Embryological Information Service, vol. 11 Suppl. 1966 9 Jan 2019 - 4:21:24am
General Embryological Information Service, vol. 10 Suppl. 1964 9 Jan 2019 - 4:20:37am
General Embryological Information Service, vol. 10 1963 9 Jan 2019 - 4:20:15am
General Embryological Information Service, vol. 9 Suppl. 1962 9 Jan 2019 - 4:19:38am
General Embryological Information Service, vol. 9 1961 9 Jan 2019 - 4:19:19am
General Embryological Information Service, vol. 8 1959 9 Jan 2019 - 4:18:30am
General Embryological Information Service, vol. 8 Suppl. 1960 9 Jan 2019 - 4:18:05am
General Embryological Information Service, vol. 7 1957 9 Jan 2019 - 4:17:22am
General Embryological Information Service, vol. 7 Suppl. 1958 9 Jan 2019 - 4:17:04am
General Embryological Information Service, vol. 6 1955 9 Jan 2019 - 4:16:21am
General Embryological Information Service, vol. 6 Suppl 1956 9 Jan 2019 - 4:15:59am
General Embryological Information Service, vol. 5 Suppl. 1954 9 Jan 2019 - 4:15:16am
General Embryological Information Service, vol. 5 1953 9 Jan 2019 - 4:14:56am
General Embryological Information Service, vol. 4 1952 9 Jan 2019 - 4:14:08am
General Embryological Information Service, vol. 3 1951 9 Jan 2019 - 4:13:19am
General Embryological Information Service, vol. 2 1950 9 Jan 2019 - 4:12:36am
General Embryological Information Service, vol. 1 1949 9 Jan 2019 - 4:11:41am
Nancy Goodman Brinker (1946– ) Dina A. Lienhard Nancy Goodman Brinker founded the largest breast cancer organization in the US, Susan G. Komen for the Cure, during the twentieth century. In 1982, Brinker created the organization, Susan G. Komen for the Cure, in memory of her sister, who had died of breast cancer two years earlier. During the early twentieth century, breast cancer was socially stigmatized, very few people discussed the disease, and there were limited treatment options available for those diagnosed with the disease. 2017-12-12 30 Nov 2018 - 5:03:29am
David Hunter Hubel (1926–2013) Dina A. Lienhard David Hunter Hubel studied the development of the visual system and how the brain processes visual information in the US during the twentieth century. He performed multiple experiments with kittens in which he sewed kitten’s eyes shut for varying periods of time and monitored their vision after reopening them. Hubel, along with colleague Torsten Wiesel, received the 1981 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for that research. 2018-01-03 30 Nov 2018 - 5:02:46am
Torsten Wiesel (1924– ) Dina A. Lienhard Torsten Nils Wiesel studied visual information processing and development in the US during the twentieth century. He performed multiple experiments on cats in which he sewed one of their eyes shut and monitored the response of the cat’s visual system after opening the sutured eye. For his work on visual processing, Wiesel received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1981 along with David Hubel and Roger Sperry. 2017-09-13 30 Nov 2018 - 5:00:22am
Roger Wolcott Sperry (1913–1994) Dina A. Lienhard Roger Wolcott Sperry studied the function of the nervous system in the US during the twentieth century. He studied split-brain patterns in cats and humans that result from separating the two hemispheres of the brain by cutting the corpus callosum, the bridge between the two hemispheres of the brain. He found that separating the corpus callosum the two hemispheres of the brain could not communicate and they performed functions as if the other hemisphere did not 2018-02-26 30 Nov 2018 - 4:59:49am
Embryology Course Photograph 1893 1893 16 Oct 2018 - 1:15:48am
Embryology Course Photograph 2009 2009 16 Oct 2018 - 1:15:06am

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