Priscilla White (1900–1989)
Priscilla White studied the treatment of diabetes in
mothers, pregnant women, and children during the twentieth century in
the United States. White began working with children with Type 1 diabetes in
1924 at Elliott Proctor Joslin’s practice in Boston, Massachusetts.
Type 1 diabetes is an incurable disease where the pancreas produces
little to no insulin. Insulin is a hormone
that allows the body to
use sugar from food for energy and store sugars for future use.
Joslin and White authored many publications on children and
diabetes, in 1952, White helped Joslin found the Joslin Center. White
noted that many of the children with whom she worked also had parents with the disease.
focused on diabetic pregnant women and female children with diabetes.
White implemented the technique of delivering infants of diabetic
Albert William Liley (1929–1983)
Editor's note: This article was updated on July 7, 2020.
Albert William Liley advanced the science of fetal physiology and the techniques of life-saving in utero
blood transfusions for fetuses with Rh incompatibility
, also known as hemolytic disease. Due to his advances, fetuses too young to survive premature delivery, and likely to die in utero
if their Rh incompatibilities were left untreated, were successfully transfused and carried to term. Liley was as passionate as a clinician and researcher as he was about his views on the rights of the fetuses.