Clinica Para Madres (1934-1950)

Clinica Para Madres (1934-1950)The Clinica Para Madres (Mother’s Clinic) opened in Tucson, Arizona, in December of 1934 as the first birth control clinic in Arizona. After moving to Tucson, birth control activist Margaret Sanger, along with a group of local philanthropic women, founded the clinic to provide Arizona women with contraception. During the early 1900s in the US, contraception was illegal under the federal Comstock Act. Additionally, many viewed contraception and sex as obscene and not to be discussed in public or outside of

Mary Warnock (1924–2019 )

Mary Warnock (1924–2019)Baroness Mary Warnock of Weeke, a philosopher and crossbench member and Life Peer of the United Kingdom's House of Lords, participated in several national UK committees of inquiry that dealt with ethical and policy issues from animal experimentation, pollution, genetics, and euthanasia to educational policies for children with special needs. One of these was the Committee of Inquiry into Human Fertilization and Embryology, of which Warnock was the chair. The 1985 Warnock Report issued subsequent to this inquiry led to the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act of 1990, passed in the British House of Commons, and to the creation of the UK Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority in 1991.

Beadle and Ephrussi's Transplantation Technique for Drosophila

Beadle and Ephrussi's Transplantation Technique for <a href="/search?text=Drosophila" title="" class="lexicon-term">Drosophila</a>Boris Ephrussi and George Wells Beadle developed a transplantation technique on flies,Drosophila melanogaster, which they described in their 1936 article "A Technique of Transplantation for Drosophila." The technique of injecting a tissue from one fly larva into another fly larva, using a micropipette, to grow that tissue in the second larvae, was a means for investigating development of Drosophila. Through this

Ethics of Fetal Surgery

Ethics of Fetal Surgery 1. Introduction 2. Fetal Surgery 3. Ethics, Decision Making, and Patient Status 4. Regulations and Oversight Groups Sources 1. Introduction

California Proposition 71 (2004)

California <a href="/search?text=Proposition%2071" title="" class="lexicon-term">Proposition 71</a> (2004) The California Stem Cell Research and Cures Act, also called Proposition 71, was a ballot initiative proposed by California voters in 2004 to allocate three billion dollars of state funds for stem cell research over ten years. Endorsed by California scientists and patient-advocates, Prop 71 passed on 2 November 2004, amending the state constitution to make stem cell research a constitutional right. In addition, Prop 71 led to the creation of the California Institute for Regenerative Medicine (CIRM), in San Francisco, California to allocate

Fetus in Fetu

Fetus in FetuFetus in fetu is a rare variety of parasitic twins, where the developmentally abnormal parasitic twin is completely encapsulated within the torso of the otherwise normally developed host twin. In the late eighteenth century, German anatomist Johann Friedrich Meckel was the first to described fetus in fetu, which translates to fetus within fetus. Fetus in fetu is thought to result from the unequal division of the totipotent inner cell mass, the mass of cells that is the ancestral precursor to all cells in the body.