Sterilization (Birth control)

Human Betterment Foundation (1928-1942)

Human Betterment Foundation

In 1928 Ezra Seymour Gosney founded the non-profit Human Betterment Foundation (HBF) in Pasadena, California to support the research and publication of the personal and social effects of eugenic sterilizations carried out in California. Led by director Gosney and secretary Paul Popenoe, the HBF collected data on thousands of individuals in California who had been involuntarily sterilized under a California state law enacted in 1909.

Buck v. Bell (1927)

<a href="/search?text=Buck%20v.%20Bell%20%281927%29" title="" class="lexicon-term">Buck v. Bell (1927)</a>

In 1927, the US Supreme Court case Buck v. Bell set a legal precedent that states may sterilize inmates of public institutions. The court argued that imbecility, epilepsy, and feeblemindedness are hereditary, and that inmates should be prevented from passing these defects to the next generation.

“Family Limitations” (1914), by Margaret Higgins Sanger

“Family Limitations” (1914), by <a href="/search?text=Margaret%20Higgins%20Sanger" title="" class="lexicon-term">Margaret Higgins Sanger</a>

In 1914, Margaret Sanger published “Family Limitations,” a pamphlet describing six different types of contraceptive methods. At the time Sanger published the pamphlet, the federal Comstock Act of 1873 had made distributing contraceptive and

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