Columbia University. College of Physicians and Surgeons

"A Proposal for a New Method of Evaluation of the Newborn Infant" (1953), by Virginia Apgar

"A Proposal for a New Method of Evaluation of the Newborn Infant" (1953), by Virginia Apgar"

In 1953, Virginia Apgar published the article "A Proposal for a New Method for Evaluation of the Newborn Infant" about her method for scoring newborn infants directly after birth to assess their health and whether medical intervention was necessary. Apgar worked at the Presbyterian Hospital in New York City, New York, as an obstetrical

The Apgar Score (1953-1958)

The Apgar Score (1953-1958)

In 1952 Virginia Apgar, a physician at the Sloane Women’s Hospital in New York City, New York, created the Apgar score as a method of evaluating newborn infants’ health to determine if they required medical intervention. The score included five separate categories, including heart rate, breathing rate, reaction to stimuli, muscle activity, and color. An infant received a score from zero to two in each category, and

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