US Supreme Court

Bowen v. American Hospital Association (1986)

<a href="/search?text=Bowen%20v.%20American%20Hospital%20Association%20%281986%29" title="" class="lexicon-term">Bowen v. American Hospital Association (1986)</a>

The 1986 US Supreme Court decision Bowen v. American Hospital Association rejected the federal government's use of Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 to intervene in a hospital's treatment for neonates born with severe congenital defects.

Buck v. Bell (1927)

<a href="/search?text=Buck%20v.%20Bell%20%281927%29" title="" class="lexicon-term">Buck v. Bell (1927)</a>

In 1927, the US Supreme Court case Buck v. Bell set a legal precedent that states may sterilize inmates of public institutions. The court argued that imbecility, epilepsy, and feeblemindedness are hereditary, and that inmates should be prevented from passing these defects to the next generation.

Eisenstadt v. Baird (1972)

<a href="/search?text=Eisenstadt%20v.%20Baird%20%281972%29" title="" class="lexicon-term">Eisenstadt v. Baird (1972)</a>

Prior to 1971, women had some difficulty obtaining contraceptive materials due to a law prohibiting the distribution of contraceptives by anyone other than a registered physician or registered pharmacist. This limited access to contraceptives had an impact on women’s

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