Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519)

<a href="/search?text=Leonardo%20da%20Vinci" title="" class="lexicon-term">Leonardo da Vinci</a>

Leonardo da Vinci was born on 15 April 1452, the illegitimate son of a young peasant girl by the name of Caterina and Ser Piero da Vinci, a well-renowned Florentine notary. Leonardo lived in Italy in the town of Vinci until his late teens and received a simple education in reading and writing as well as some training in mathematics and engineering.

Henry Havelock Ellis (1859-1939)

Henry <a href="/search?text=Havelock%20Ellis" title="" class="lexicon-term">Havelock Ellis</a>

Henry Havelock Ellis was born on 2 February 1859 at Croydon in Surrey, England, to Susannah Wheatley Ellis and Edward Peppen Ellis, a sea captain. A psychologist, essayist, and physician, he is best known for his contributions to the study of human sexuality and his support of sex education and women’s rights.

Frederik Ruysch (1638-1731)

<a href="/search?text=Frederik%20Ruysch" title="" class="lexicon-term">Frederik Ruysch</a> (1638–1731)

Frederik Ruysch made anatomical drawings and collected and preserved human specimens, many of which were infants and fetuses, in the Netherlands during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Ruysch had many interests, including anatomy, botany, and medicine, and he discovered structures of the lymphatic system and of the eye.

Eduard Friedrich Wilhelm Pflüger (1829-1910)

Eduard Friedrich Wilhelm Pflüger (1829-1910)

Eduard Friedrich Wilhelm Pflüger was a physiologist known for his research on respiration and the respiratory quotient, experiments on the effects of electricity on muscles and nerves, and his study of the ovaries and eggs development. His experiments on how the gravitational orientation of frog eggs affects their cleavage plane inspired embryologists such as

Adolf Ziegler

<a href="/search?text=Adolf%20Ziegler" title="" class="lexicon-term">Adolf Ziegler</a>

The scientific field of embryology experienced great growth in scope and direction in Germany from approximately 1850 to 1920. During this time, Adolf Ziegler and his son Friedrich crafted hundreds of


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