Editor's Note: This article replaces the previous
article on this topic, which was published in this encyclopedia
in 2008. The 2008 article may be found here.
Pope Innocent XI, born Benedetto Odescalchi, made considerable contributions to the
Roman Catholic approach to
embryology by condemning several propositions on liberal moral theology in 1679, including two related to
Although the concept of
quickening was not developed initially by the
Roman Catholic Church, much of their histories are intertwined.