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Planned Parenthood Center of Tucson, Inc., v. Marks (1972)

By: Claudia Nunez-Eddy | Published: Nov 13, 2016

In the 1972 case Planned Parenthood Center of Tucson, Inc., v. Marks, the Arizona Court of Appeals required the Arizona Superior Court to rehear the…

LawPlanned Parenthood Federation of AmericaBirth control clinicsAbortionAbortion--Law and legislation

Title X Family Planning Program (1970–1977)

By: Patsy Ciardullo, Nevada Wagoner | Published: Oct 21, 2016

The Family Planning Services and Public Research Act of 1970, often called Title X Family Planning Program, is a US federal law that provides federal…

LawFamily PlanningFamily planning--Law and legislationPopulation PolicyTitle X Family Planning Program (U.S.)

Commonwealth v. Luceba Parker [Brief] (1845)

By: Brock Heathcotte | Published: Sep 12, 2010

The Court settled the question left open from the case of Commonwealth v. Bangs that it must be proved a woman was "quick with child" in order for…


The People of the State of New York v. Margaret H. Sanger (1918)

By: Malladi Lakshmeeramya | Published: Jan 22, 2018

In 1918, the New York State Court of Appeals in Albany broadened the justification physicians could use to prescribe contraceptives to married…

LawObscenity (Law)Abortion--Law and legislation--United StatesAbortionBirth control clinics

Anthony Comstock (1844–1915)

By: Malladi Lakshmeeramya | Published: May 23, 2017

Anthony Comstock was a US postal inspector and politician who advocated for the suppression of obscenity and vice throughout the late nineteenth…

Obscenity (Law)Abortion--Law and legislation--United StatesAbortionBirth control clinicsContraception

Gonzales v. Carhart (2007)

By: Mark Zhang | Published: Feb 28, 2012

In Gonzales v. Carhart (2007), the US Supreme Court held in a five-to-four decision that the 2003 Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act passed by the US…

LawAbortionDilatation and extraction abortionFetusPregnancy

"The Familial Factor in Toxemia of Pregnancy" (1968), by Leon C. Chesley, et al.

By: Sarah Patel | Published: Mar 16, 2017

In the 1950s and 1960s, researchers Leon Chesley, John Annitto, and Robert Cosgrove investigated the possible familial factor for the conditions of…

Chesley, Leon C., 1908-2000PreeclampsiaEclampsiaMargaret Hague Maternity Hospital (Jersey City, N.J.)Pregnancy

Henry Morgentaler (1923-2013)

By: Sepehr Abdi-Moradi | Published: Jun 09, 2017

Henry Morgentaler was a physician who performed abortions, acted as a reproductive rights activist, and advocated for legal access to abortions in…

AbortionObstetrics--SurgeryBirth ControlReproductive RightsCanada

Stenberg v. Carhart (2000)

By: Mark Zhang | Published: Jan 28, 2014

In Stenberg v. Carhart, the US Supreme Court ruled on 28 June 2000 that a Nebraska law banning partial birth abortions was unconstitutional. Though…

LawDilatation and extraction abortionAbortionPregnancyEmbryos

Stump v. Sparkman (1978)

By: Nathaniel Ross | Published: Aug 23, 2022

On March 28, 1978, in Stump v. Sparkman, hereafter Stump, the United States Supreme Court held, in a five-to-three decision, that judges have…

LawSterilizationSterilization of womenInvoluntary SterilizationJudicial immunity

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