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Henry Herbert Goddard (1866–1957)

By: James Walter Dennert | Published: May 06, 2021

Henry Herbert Goddard was a psychologist who conducted research on intelligence and mental deficiency at the Vineland Training School for Feeble-…

Intellectual DisabilityMental DeficiencyEugenicsEugenics--United States--HistoryHeredity

Norman Haire (1892-1952)

By: Claudia Nunez-Eddy | Published: Apr 13, 2017

Norman Haire was a physician who advocated for eugenics, which is the betterment of human population by promoting positive traits, and birth control…

Haire, Norman, 1892-1952EugenicsMalthusian LeagueBirth ControlSex

The Kallikak Family: A Study in the Heredity of Feeble-Mindedness (1912), by Henry Herbert Goddard

By: James W. Dennert | Published: Jul 30, 2021

In 1912, Henry Herbert Goddard published The Kallikak Family: A Study in the Heredity of Feeble-Mindedness, hereafter The Kallikak Family, in which…

LiteratureIntellectual DisabilityMental DeficiencyEugenicsEugenics--United States--History

The Case Against Perfection: Ethics in the Age of Genetic Engineering (2007), by Michael J. Sandel

By: Nathalie Antonios | Published: Apr 18, 2011

The Case against Perfection: Ethics in the Age of Genetic Engineering, hereafter referred to as The Case against Perfection, written by Michael J.…

LiteratureGenetic EngineeringPublicationsethicsbioethics

Emma Wolverton (1889–1978)

By: James Walter Dennert | Published: Aug 25, 2020

Emma Wolverton, also known as Deborah Kallikak, lived her entire life in an institution in New Jersey after psychologist Henry Goddard classified her…

PeoplePsychiatric hospitalsPeople with mental disabilities--Institutional carePsychology--HistoryPsychology--History--20th century

Harry Clay Sharp (1870-1940)

By: Cole Nichols | Published: Jun 08, 2022

Harry Clay Sharp was a surgeon who performed one of the first recorded vasectomies with the purpose of sterilizing a patient. Sterilization is the…

VasectomyEugenicsSterilizationFamily PlanningMale Sterilization

Stump v. Sparkman (1978)

By: Nathaniel Ross | Published: Aug 23, 2022

On March 28, 1978, in Stump v. Sparkman, hereafter Stump, the United States Supreme Court held, in a five-to-three decision, that judges have…

LawSterilizationSterilization of womenInvoluntary SterilizationJudicial immunity

Where Are My Children? (1916)

By: Grace Kim | Published: May 26, 2017

Where Are My Children? is an anti-abortion silent film released in the United States on 16 April 1916. The film was directed by Lois Weber and…

LiteratureAbortionBirth ControlContraceptionReproductive Rights

Birth Control or the Limitation of Offspring (1936), by William J. Robinson

By: Angel Lopez | Published: Jul 01, 2010

Birth Control or the Limitation of Offspring was written by American eugenics and birth control advocate William J. Robinson. First published in 1916…


Pennsylvania Association for Retarded Citizens (PARC) v. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania (1972)

By: Nathaniel Ross | Published: May 26, 2022

In 1972, the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania decided the case of Pennsylvania Association for Retarded Citizens…

LawPeople with mental disabilitiesIntellectual DisabilitySpecial EducationSpecial education schools

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