People

Diana W. Bianchi

By Alexis Abboud

Diana W. Bianchi studied the medical treatment of premature and newborn infants in the US during the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Bianchi helped develop non-invasive prenatal genetic tests that use cell-free fetal DNA found within maternal blood to diagnose genetic abnormalities of the fetus during pregnancy. The test provides a means to test fetuses for chromosomal and genetic abnormalities.

Created 2017-06-23

Last modified 1 month 1 day ago

Format: Articles

Pearl Mao Tang (1922– )

By Lakshmeeramya Malladi

A licensed obstetrician and gynecologist, Pearl Tang worked to improve the health of women and children in Maricopa County, Arizona, during the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Her work with the Maricopa County Health Department ranged from immunizations to preventing cervical cancer. Tang obtained federal grants and community support to establish various child and maternal health clinics throughout Maricopa County as chief of the Maricopa County Bureau of Maternal and Child Health.

Created 2017-06-23

Last modified 1 month 1 day ago

Format: Articles

Evelyn Lorraine Rothman (1932–2007)

By Rainey Horwitz

Evelyn Lorraine Rothman advocated for women’s reproductive rights and invented at-home kits for women’s health concerns in the late twentieth century in Los Angeles, California. Rothman provided women in the Los Angeles area with the means to perform self-examinations, pregnancy tests, and abortions on their own without assistance from a medical professional. Along with Carol Downer, Rothman cofounded the Federation of Feminist Health Centers in Los Angeles, California, and spent her career educating women on reproductive health.

Created 2017-06-28

Last modified 3 weeks 5 days ago

Format: Articles

Jane Elizabeth Hodgson (1915–2006)

By Rainey Horowitz

Jane Elizabeth Hodgson was a physician who advocated for abortion rights in the twentieth century in the United States. In November of 1970, Hodgson became the first physician in the U.S. to be convicted of performing an illegal abortion in a hospital. Hodgson deliberately performed the abortion to challenge the Minnesota State Statute 617.18, which prohibited non-therapeutic abortions. Following the legalization of abortion in the US Supreme Court case Roe v. Wade (1973), Hodgson focused on promoting accessible abortion, obstetric, and gynecological care throughout Minnesota.

Created 2017-06-28

Last modified 3 weeks 5 days ago

Format: Articles

Roberto Caldeyro-Barcia (1921–1996)

By Olivia Mandile

Roberto Caldeyro-Barcia studied fetal health in Uruguay during the second half of the twentieth century. Caldeyro-Barcia developed Montevideo units, which are used to quantify intrauterine pressure, or the force of contractions during labor. Intrauterine pressure is a useful measure of the progression of labor and the health of a fetus.

Created 2017-07-02

Last modified 3 weeks 1 day ago

Format: Articles

Harvey Leroy Karman (1924–2008)

By Rainey Horwitz

Harvey Karman was an abortionist, inventor, and activist for safe abortion techniques in the US during the twentieth century. Karman developed the Karman cannula, a flexible soft tube used for vacuum aspiration abortions. Karman traveled extensively throughout the US to educate healthcare providers on how to administer safe abortions. He also traveled to Bangladesh, India, China, and other developing nations to promote safe and simple abortion techniques that anyone could perform without previous medical training.

Created 2017-07-18

Last modified 4 days 15 hours ago

Format: Articles

Etienne Stephane Tarnier (1828–1897)

By Kelsey Rebovich

Etienne Stephane Tarnier was a physician who worked with premature infants in France during the nineteenth century. He worked at the Maternité Port-Royal in
Paris, France, a hospital for poor pregnant women. Tarnier developed and introduced prototypes of
infant incubators to the Maternité in 1881. Tarnier's incubators became standard in neonatal care,
especially for premature infants, enabling doctors to save many such infants that previously would
have died.

Created 2017-07-19

Last modified 5 days 5 hours ago

Format: Articles

Irving Freiler Stein Sr. (1887–1976)

By Alexis Darby

Irving Freiler Stein Sr. was a physician who studied women’s reproductive health during the twentieth century in the United States. In partnership with his colleague, Michael Leventhal, Stein identified a women’s reproductive disorder related to elevated male sex hormones, or androgens. The syndrome was originally called Stein-Leventhal syndrome and later known as polycystic ovarian syndrome. While studying the syndrome, Stein also helped establish a treatment for the condition, through the surgical removal of ovarian tissues.

Created 2017-07-20

Last modified 4 days 14 hours ago

Format: Articles

William Stewart Halsted (1852-1922)

By Carolina Abboud

William Stewart Halsted was a surgeon at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland, during the late 1800s and early 1900s. In 1894 Halsted described his procedure for treating breast cancer by removing the breast tissue, chest muscles, and lymph nodes in the armpit, a procedure he named radical mastectomy, and that became the standard of care for treating breast cancer until 1970.

Created 2017-07-23

Last modified 1 day 13 hours ago

Format: Articles

Edgar Allen (1892–1943)

By Brendan Van Iten

Edgar Allen identified and outlined the role of female sex hormones and discovered estrogen in the early 1900s in the US. In 1923, Allen, through his research with mice, isolated the primary ovarian hormone, later renamed estrogen, from ovarian follicles and tested its effect through injections in the uterine tissues of mice. Allen’s work on estrogen, enabled researchers to further study hormones and the endocrine system.

Created 2017-07-23

Last modified 1 day 13 hours ago

Format: Articles

James Young Simpson (1811–1870)

By Nicole Erjavic

James Young Simpson was one of the first obstetricians to administer anesthesia during childbirth in nineteenth century Scotland. Before his work in the 1800s, physicians had few ways to reduce the pain of childbirth. Simpson experimented with the use of ether and chloroform, both gaseous chemicals, to temporarily relieve pain. He found that those chemicals both successfully inhibited the pain women felt during childbirth and pain during other surgeries. Patients under the influence of chloroform fell asleep and were unaware of the intense pain of childbirth.

Created 2017-07-23

Last modified 20 hours 33 min ago

Format: Articles

Harald zur Hausen (1936–)

By Grace Kim

Harald zur Hausen studied viruses and discovered that certain strains of the human papilloma virus (HPV), a sexually transmitted disease, can cause cervical cancer, in Europe during the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Zur Hausen spent his research career identifying the viruses that cause diseases, particularly cancer-causing viruses (oncoviruses). He primarily focused on HPV and cervical cancer. Zur Hausen hypothesized that HPV was cancerous and discovered that two strains, HPV 16 and 18, caused cervical cancer.

Created 2017-07-24

Last modified 12 hours 53 min ago

Format: Articles

Alpheus Hyatt Plaque

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Created After 1928

Last modified 1 year 11 months ago

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Lorande Loss Woodruff

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Created circa 1928

Last modified 3 years 10 months ago

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Edwin Grant Conklin

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Created early 1920s?

Last modified 1 year 11 months ago

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Robert Huettner with Dr. & Mrs. William P. Procter

By Alfred F. (Alfred Francis) Huettner

Robert Huettner as a child with Dr. and Mrs. William P. Procter behind

Created early 1930s

Last modified 1 year 11 months ago

Format: Photographs

Roberts Rugh

Inscriptions on image: Front, top: “1963A” bottom autograph: “Roberts Rugh / Protozoology / Columbia Univ.”

Created Late 1920s-Early 1930s

Last modified 1 year 11 months ago

Format: Photographs

George Gray, Cornelia Clapp, and Dr. Sharp

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Created Probably after 1928

Last modified 3 years 10 months ago

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Ethel Browne Harvey

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Created Probably after 1928

Last modified 1 year 11 months ago

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W. M. Wheeler

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Last modified 1 year 11 months ago

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R. E. Cleland

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Last modified 4 weeks 1 day ago

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Brown

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Last modified 1 year 9 months ago

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R. L. King

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Last modified 1 year 11 months ago

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A. W. Leathers

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Last modified 1 year 11 months ago

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W. E. deMol

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F. B. Wann

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D. H. Wenrich

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J. H. Bodine

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Last modified 1 year 11 months ago

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H. C. Warren

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E. C. Myers

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Raymond J. Bean

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C. H. Blake

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E. F. Peabody and A. E. Hunt

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C. R. Stockard, W. E. Carrey, Robert Chambers

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Charlotte Haywood

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Last modified 3 years 10 months ago

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Ernst T. Huber

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H. Honda

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C. V. Taylor

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H. L. Wieman

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W. H. Cole

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Kenneth C. Blanchard and R. S. Lillie

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Last modified 1 year 9 months ago

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Howard C. Warren

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Last modified 1 year 9 months ago

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W. Dennis

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Last modified 1 year 11 months ago

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Mrs. and Dr. W .E. deMol

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Last modified 1 year 9 months ago

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Portrait of a man

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Last modified 1 year 11 months ago

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William Salant

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Last modified 3 years 10 months ago

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John Sterling Kingsley

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Created undated

Last modified 1 year 11 months ago

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